Glass

Glass, so much more than a window in a home. Vintage glass is all handmade, never perfect and can go back thousands of years. Vintage glass can come in any colour, shape or form, it can be used practically or for decorative purposes and depending on the process it goes through, it can be finished in many ways. Vintage and antique glass adds so much character to a home’s décor. The early morning rays shining through that vintage cobalt blue bottle is a sight worth seeing every day.

Here is a brief history on glass making throughout the years.

People had used naturally occurring glass, especially obsidian (the volcanic glass) before they learned how to make glass. Obsidian was used for production of knives, arrowheads, jewellery and money, now very sort after antiques.
The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass in the region of Syria around 5000BC. But according to the archaeological evidence, the first man made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500BC and the first glass vessels were made about 1500BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia. For the next 300 years, the glass industry was increased rapidly and then declined. In Mesopotamia it was revived in the 700BC and in Egypt in the 500’s BC. For the next 500 years, Egypt, Syria and the other countries along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea were centers for glass manufacturing.

In the beginning it was very hard and slow to manufacture glass. Glass melting furnaces were small and the heat they produced was not enough to melt glass. But in the 1st century BC, Syrian craftsmen invented the blow pipe. This revolutionary discovery made glass production easier, faster and cheaper. Glass production flourished in the Roman Empire and spread from Italy to all countries under its rule. In 1000 AD the Egyptian city of Alexandria was the most important center of glass manufacture. Throughout Europe the miraculous art of making stained glass on churches and cathedrals across the continent reached its height in the finest Chatres and Conterbury cathedral windows produced in the 13th and 14th centuries.